Iimpendulo zokuba kutheni i-M1 iqhubekeka ngokukhawuleza

Iimpawu zeM1

Ngokuqinisekileyo andikholwa ukuba kumagumbi angaphantsi Apple Park Kukho ilabhoratri esayiboniswa nguCraig Federighi kwiprosesa ye-Apple Silicon kunye nee-Macs kunye neprosesa entsha ye-M1. Ijongeka ngathi yile "props" ilebhu isetelwe kwimiboniso bhanyabhanya.

Ndicinga uyilo lwe M1 Iya kwenziwa phakathi kweelebhu zomyili wezicwangciso, i-ARM, kunye nomenzi wayo, i-TSMC. Naphi na apho ikhoyo, inqaku lelo, bayikhonkele. Sele iiveki ezimbalwa okoko ii-Apple Silicons zisezitratweni, kwaye iimvavanyo zokuqala ziyamangalisa ngokwesantya kunye nokusebenza. Umphuhlisi ozimeleyo ucacisile oonobangela boku kusebenza okuhle.

Xa kusisiganeko «Enye into engaphezulu» UCraig Federighi Usazise kwiprosesa yokuqala yexesha elitsha leApple Silicon Macs, i-M1, umlomo wakhe wawuzaliswe yindumiso kunye neempawu ezintle zenkqubo leyo. Abanye abagxeki bacinga ukuba "kulungile, masilinde ndide ndibenayo etafileni kwaye ndizijonge zonke ezo mpawu, ndibone ukuba ziyinyani na."

Ewe, sele sinama-Macs ahanjisiweyo kwaye ukubonakala kokuqala akukhawulezi ukuza. Ukubeka nje: ukhohlakele. Iprosesa ye-M1 yenziwe yi TSMC Ngobuchwephesha be-5 nm inika ukusebenza okumangalisayo, zombini ngokubhekisele kwisantya sokuqhubekeka, kunye namanqanaba asezantsi okusetyenziswa kwamandla kunye neqondo lobushushu eliphantsi.

UErik Engheim, ngumphuhlisi ozimeleyo ongenanto yakwenza neApple, kwaye ubhale ithisisi enomdla ngezizathu zokusebenza kakuhle kweprosesa ye-Apple M1. Apha Unayo yonke ithiyori yakhe, kwaye sikwenzele isishwankathelo.

I-M1 yi-chipset ekhethekileyo

Iitshiphusi zeM1

I-M1 yi-chipset efakwe kwibhodi enye yesilicon.

Okokuqala, iprosesa ye-M1 ayisiyo-CPU elula. Njengoko i-Apple ichazile, yi- Inkqubo-kwi-Chip. Iseti yeetshipsi zonke zigcinwe ndawonye kwibhodi yesilicon. I-M1 igcina i-8-core CPU, i-8-core GPU (i-7-core kwiimodeli ezithile zeMacBook Air), imemori emanyeneyo, isilawuli se-SSD, iprosesa yomqondiso womfanekiso, i-Enclave ekhuselekileyo kunye nezinye iichips.

Ukongeza kwi-CPU (ngokusebenza okuphezulu, ii-cores ezifanelekileyo) kunye ne-GPU, i-M1 ine Imoto ye-neural yemisebenzi yokufunda ngomatshini enje ngokuthathelwa ingqalelo kwentetho kunye nokuqhutywa kwekhamera kunye nesixhobo sokumisela ividiyo / esakhelwe ngaphakathi ukulungiselela ukuguqulwa kwefayile yevidiyo efanelekileyo.

Ikwabandakanya Enclave ekhuselekileyo ukuphatha ukubethela, kunye neprosesa yedijithali yokujongana nemisebenzi enzima yemathematika (njengokuncipha kweefayile zomculo kunye neyunithi yokulungisa imifanekiso ekhawulezisa imisebenzi eyenziwa kukusetyenziswa kwemifanekiso).

Kwaye le nto ayipheleli apha. Kwibhodi yesilicon kukho igumbi loyilo olutsha lwe imemori emanyeneyo Ivumela i-CPU, i-GPU, kunye nezinye ii-cores ukuba zitshintshisane ngolwazi, kwaye ngememori emanyeneyo, i-CPU kunye ne-GPU banokufikelela kwimemori ngaxeshanye endaweni yokukopa idatha ukusuka kwenye indawo ukuya kwenye. Ukufikelela echibini elifanayo lememori ngaphandle kwesidingo sokukopa ukukhawulezisa ukutshintshiselana ngolwazi ukuze usebenze ngokukhawuleza okukhulu.

Umsebenzi omangalisayo

Le yinxalenye yesizathu sokuba abantu abaninzi abasebenza kumfanekiso kunye nokuhlelwa kwevidiyo kunye neM1 Macs babona ukuphuculwa kwesantya. Uninzi lwemisebenzi abayenzayo lunokwenziwa ngokuthe ngqo kwizixhobo ezizodwa. Yiyo loo nto evumela i- IMac Mini M1 Uqoqosho ukufaka ifayile yevidiyo enkulu ngaphandle kokuyicinezela, ngelixa iMac ebiza kakhulu (Intel) kufuneka isebenze kumda, ngaphandle kokufikelela kwisantya seMic mini M1.

Abanye abapheki beengalo ezifana ne-AMD bathatha indlela efanayo, kodwa Intel kunye ne-AMD Baxhomekeke kwintengiso yee-CPUs zenjongo ngokubanzi kunye nezizathu zelayisensi, abavelisi bePC abanjengoDell kunye ne-HP mhlawumbi abanakuyila i-SoC epheleleyo enjengeApple enakho.

I-M1 kunye neMacOS Big Sur zezona zinto zichanekileyo

M1 iSur Sur enkulu

Isitshixo sempumelelo kukudibana okufanelekileyo phakathi kwehardware kunye nesoftware.

I-Apple iyakwazi ukudibanisa izixhobo zekhompyutha kunye nesoftware Ngendlela uninzi lweenkampani olungenakho ukuyiphumeza, nto leyo ihlala iyinto enike i-iPhone kunye ne-iPad umda ngaphezulu kwezinye ii-smartphones kunye neetafile.
I-Intel kunye ne-AMD ngokuqinisekileyo zinokuqala ukwenza iiprosesa ezipheleleyo njengeM1. Kodwa ziya kubandakanya ntoni ezi zinto? Abavelisi bePC banokuba nemibono eyahlukeneyo malunga nokuba kufuneka baqulathe ntoni. Ngokufanelekileyo ufumana ukungqubana phakathi kwabavelisi be-Intel, i-AMD, iMicrosoft kunye nePC malunga nokuba zeziphi na iintlobo zeetshipsi ezizakuzibandakanya kuba ziya kudinga inkxaso yesoftware. Isoftware enokunika kuphela Microsoft.
Kunye nezibonelelo zenkqubo eyenzelwe ngaphakathi endlwini kwi-chip, iApple ikwasebenzisa ii-CPU cores Umlilo kwi-M1 "bakhawuleza ngokunyanisekileyo" kwaye bayakwazi ukwenza imiyalelo engaphezulu ngokuhambelana nokuphumeza i-odolo, uyilo lweRISC, kunye nolunye ulungelelwaniso olwenziweyo nguApple, iEngheim inenkcazo enzulu.

U-Engheim ukholelwa ukuba i-Intel kunye ne-AMD bakwimeko enzima ngenxa yokusikelwa umda komgaqo osetiweyo we-CISC kunye neemodeli zabo zeshishini ezingakhokeleli ekudalweni kwezisombululo ze-chip-to-end zabavelisi bePC. Ngokuqinisekileyo i-Apple ibethelele ngexesha elitsha I-Apple Silicon.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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