Impikiswano ngohlelo lokutholwa kwezithombe zocansi ezinganeni zakwa-Apple iyaqhubeka

Izithombe zeMacBook Air

Njengoba i-Apple imemezele i- ukutholakala kwezinto ezihlukumeza izingane ngokocansi ze-iOS, i-iPadOS ne-macOS Ekuqaleni kwale nyanga, kube nenkulumompikiswano enkulu. Hhayi nje phakathi kochwepheshe bezokuphepha, kepha naphakathi kwabasebenzi baka-Apple abacele i-Apple ukuthi ingayisebenzisi.

Abokugcina ukujoyina i-malaise ngokuqaliswa kwalolu hlelo bangaphezu kwe- Angama-90 amaqembu alwela amalungelo abantu. Babhalele i-Apple incwadi evulekile, beyicela ukuthi ibuyele emuva ezinhlelweni zayo ze-CSAM (Child Sexual Abuse Material). Isizathu sokuthi bakhulume ngukuthi lolu hlelo lungasetshenziswa kwezinye izinhloso.

Yini i-CSAM?

I-CSAM

I-CSAM, ihunyushwe ngokuthi Izinto Zokuhlukumeza Ngokocansi Kwezingane, iyi- ikhathalogi yezithombe ezinokuqukethwe kwezithombe zocansi zezingane, ezaziwayo, ezilungiselelwe futhi ezivuselelwa ngezikhathi ezithile ososeshini abahlukahlukene futhi okuqukethwe kwabo kulawulwa yiNational Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC).

Izithombe ngasinye esigcinwe kule database sinesiginesha eyingqayizivele yedijithali, isiginesha yedijithali leyo kuzoqhathaniswa nezithombe zezithombe ezigcinwe kuma-akhawunti wabasebenzisi be-iCloud. Uma kutholwa umdlalo, ukufinyelela i-akhawunti yomsebenzisi kuzovinjelwa futhi iziphathimandla zizokwaziswa.

I-Google, iDropbox, neMicrosoft bebesebenzisa lolu hlelo lokulandela isithombe kuma-akhawunti womsebenzisi isikhathi esithile, kepha i-Apple ihambe igxathu elilodwa futhi idale uhlelo olusha olubizwa ngeNeuralHash, uhlelo oluhlaziya ifu lomsebenzisi elibethelwe, ngombono, lifuna lezi zinhlobo zezithombe futhi i-Apple uqobo engakwazi ukufinyelela kulo.

Ukucasulwa okuvela ezinhlanganweni ezilwela amalungelo abantu

phakathi abanye abasayine le ncwadi yi-American Civil Liberties Union, iCanada Civil Liberties Association, inhlangano yase-Australia iDigital Rights Watch, iBritish Liberty, Privacy International ...

Incwadi iqala ngokugqamisa amakhono eNeuralHash, ithi:

Yize amakhono enzelwe ukuvikela izingane nokunciphisa ukusabalala kwe-Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM), sikhathazekile ngokuthi isetshenziselwa ukucubungula ukukhuluma okuvikelwe, isongele ubumfihlo nokuphepha kwabantu emhlabeni wonke, futhi ibe nemiphumela emibi ezinganeni eziningi .

Lapho leli khono selifakiwe emikhiqizweni yakwa-Apple, inkampani nabazoncintisana nayo bazobhekana nengcindezi enkulu - kanye nezidingo ezingaba semthethweni - ezivela kohulumeni emhlabeni jikelele ukuskena izithombe hhayi i-CSAM kuphela, kodwa nezinye izithombe uhulumeni azibheka njengezingabazekayo.

Lezo zithombe zingaba ukuhlukunyezwa kwamalungelo abantu, imibhikisho yezepolitiki, izithombe izinkampani ezizibhale ngokuthi 'ezobuphekula' noma okuqukethwe okuyizidlova ezinodlame, noma imifanekiso engathandeki yosopolitiki uqobo lwabo abazocindezela inkampani ukuthi iziskene.

Lezi zinhlangano ezingama-90 zithi ukufunwa kwezithombe inganwetshwa ezithombeni ezigcinwe kudivayisi, hhayi nje lezo ezigcinwe ku-ICloud, ngakho-ke kungenzeka ukuthi i-Apple idale isisekelo sokuvinjelwa, ukubhekwa kanye nokushushiswa emhlabeni jikelele.

Kuyacaca ukuthi lapho uhulumeni enxusa i-Apple ukuthi inikeze ukufinyelela kokuqukethwe kwabasebenzisi bayo, njenge China noma iRussia, I-Apple igobisa ikhanda layo bese ihlangabezana nezidingo zakho. Ngubani usiqinisekisa ukuthi i-Apple ngeke ilandele le nqubomgomo namanye amazwe?

Incwadi iqhubeka ithi lolu hlelo luzobeka izingane engcupheni:

Uhlelo olwenziwe i-Apple luthatha ukuthi ama-akhawunti "omzali" kanye "nengane" athintekayo empeleni angokomuntu omdala ongumzali wengane, nokuthi laba bantu banobudlelwano obuhle.

Lokhu akwenzeki ngaso sonke isikhathi; umuntu omdala ohlukumezayo angaba ngumhleli we-akhawunti, futhi imiphumela yokwazisa abazali ingasongela ukuphepha nenhlalakahle yengane. Intsha ye-LGBTQ + kuma-akhawunti omndeni enabazali abangenazwelo isengozini enkulu

Incwadi igcina ngokusho ukuthi yize i-Apple izame ukunciphisa ukuhlukunyezwa kwezingane, inkampani kumele ihlale iqinile kunqubomgomo yobumfihlo akhile eminyakeni edlule.

Sisekela imizamo yokuvikela izingane futhi simelene ngokuqinile nokwanda kwe-CSAM. Kepha ushintsho olumenyezelwe yi-Apple lubeke izingane nabanye abasebenzisi engcupheni, manje nasesikhathini esizayo. Sinxusa i-Apple ukuthi izishiye lezo zinguquko futhi iqinisekise ukuzibophezela kwenkampani ekuvikeleni abasebenzisi bayo ngokubethela kokuphela kokuphela. Siyanxusa futhi i-Apple ukuthi ibonisane njalo namaqembu omphakathi kanye nemiphakathi esengozini engathinteka ngokungalingani ngokushintshwa kwemikhiqizo nezinsizakalo zayo.

Imilayezo

Uhlelo lokusebenza lwemilayezo

I-Apple izokwethula lesi sici esisha ngokukhishwa kweMacOS Monterey, iOS 15, ne-iPadOS 15, umsebenzi ohambisana nohlelo oluzothola ukusatshalaliswa kwezinto eziqukethe ucansi lwengane ngohlelo lokusebenza lweMilayezo futhi oluzokwazisa umzali noma umnakekeli uma ngabe ingane ithole izithombe ezihlukaniswe njengezibandakanya ezocansi.

Lezi zithombe ekuqaleni zizovela zifiphele futhi ngomyalezo, kuzochazelwa ingane (uma ineminyaka engu-12 noma ngaphansi) ukuthi isithombe asibalungele. Uma ukhetha ukuyibuka, abazali bazothola isaziso kanye nesithombe. Ngalo mqondo, kungakuhle kakhulu ukuthi ngabazali abanikeze imvume yokuthi ingane ikwazi ukufinyelela isithombe.

Izithombe ezitholwe ngohlelo lokusebenza lwemilayezo, izoskenwa kudivayisi futhi leyo mininingwane ngeke iphume lapho. Iziphathimandla noma i-Apple ngeke babe nolwazi ngalo mcimbi.

Siri

Siri

USiri naye ujoyine impi yokulwa nezithombe zocansi zezingane. Ngokukhishwa kwe-iOS 15, i-iPadOS 15, ne-MacOS Monterrey, uma umsebenzisi ecinga lolu hlobo lokuqukethwe, uzothola isaziso ekwazisa ukuthi wenza uphenyo lwezinto ezithathwa njengezingekho emthethweni futhi izokwazisa lapho ungathola khona usizo nezindlela zokubika lokho okuqukethwe.

Le nqubo, njengokuhlaziywa kwezithombe ezitholwe ngohlelo lokusebenza lweMilayezo, izokwenziwa ngaphakathi kudivayisi, ngaphandle kolwazi lwe-Apple noma iziphathimandla.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.