Izimpendulo nemibuzo ohlelweni olulandelayo lokuvikela izingane e-Apple

Isithonjana sezithombe ze-macOS

I-Apple imemezele izinto ezintathu ezintsha eziqonde ukuvikela izingane kumadivayisi ayo. Umbono ngokwawo uyamangalisa. Kodwa-ke kukhona labo abathathe ithuba lokufaka umunwe enxebeni. Uyazibuza ukuthi ngabe yini i-Apple efuna ukuyenza akuyona eyengeziwe ukubhekwa okufihlayo okubeka ubumfihlo be-Mac, I-iPad noma i-iPhone ngemuva. Ukuze wenze lokhu, labo abaphethe lo msebenzi omusha baphume endleleni bachaza ukuthi kusebenza kanjani.

U-Erik Neuenschwander uchaza ukuthi uhlelo lwakhe lusebenza kanjani ukukhulisa ukuvikelwa kwezingane

I-CSAM

Sikhuluma ngokusebenza okusha okuzoqala ukusebenza e-US ekwindla futhi inhloso kabani ukuvikelwa kwezingane ekuhlukunyezweni ngokocansi. Igxila kuhlelo lokusebenza lwezithombe, iMessage, Siri, kanye nosesho. Ngakho-ke kuthinta wonke amadivayisi we-Apple lapho lezi zinhlelo zingenela khona. Ngakho-ke sikhuluma ngama-Macs, okuthi noma kungeyona into enhle kakhulu ukuthatha izithombe, kodwa ukuwasindisa nokuwahlukanisa, ngaphezu kokuvumelanisa okukhona nge-iCloud. Ukusetshenziswa kweMessage, Siri kepha ikakhulukazi umyalo wokusesha.

Uhlelo lokuthola olubizwa nge-CSAM isebenza ikakhulukazi kuzithombe ze-ICloud. Uhlelo lokuthola olubizwa nge-NeuralHash lukhomba futhi luqhathanise ne-National Center for Missing & Exploited Children IDs ukuthola ukuhlukunyezwa ngokocansi nokuqukethwe okufanayo emitatsheni yezithombe ye-iCloud, kodwa futhi nokuphepha kwezokuxhumana kwi-iMessage.

Umzali angenza lesi sici sisebenze kudivayisi yakhe ezinganeni ezingaphansi kweminyaka engu-13 ubudala. Izokwazisa lapho ithola ukuthi isithombe abazosibona sicacile. Kuzophinda kuthinte iSiri nohlelo lokusesha njengalapho umsebenzisi ezama ukusesha amagama ahlobene ngeSiri kanye nomyalo wokusesha.

UNeuenschwander uchaza ukuthi kungani i-Apple imemezele isici Sokuphepha Kwezokuxhumana ku iMessage kanye nesici sokutholwa kwe-CSAM kuzithombe ze-ICloud:

Kubaluleke kangako ukukhomba amaqoqo aziwayo e-CSAM lapho agcinwa khona ku-Apple ICloud service service, kubalulekile nokuzama ukuqhubekela phambili kuleso simo esivele sibi. Kubalulekile futhi ukwenza izinto ukungenelela kusenesikhathi lapho abantu beqala ukungena kule ndawo enenkinga futhi eyingozi. Uma sekukhona abantu abazama ukuhola izingane ezimeni lapho ukuhlukunyezwa kungenzeka khona. Ukuphepha komlayezo kanye nokungenelela kwethu ku-Siri nosesho empeleni kuthinta lezo zingxenye zenqubo. Ngakho-ke sizama ngempela ukuphazamisa imijikelezo eholela ku-CSAM engagcina itholwe uhlelo lwethu.

"Ubumfihlo buzohlala buphelele kubo bonke abangabambiqhaza emisebenzini engekho emthethweni"

Inkulumo enzima. UNeuenschwander uchaze futhi wavikela isikhundla se-Apple kulabo abasola inkampani ngokuvula umnyango ongemuva wokuhlola abasebenzisi bayo. Umphathi wezokuphepha uvikela ukuthi ezokuphepha zizoba khona futhi kugcinwe imfihlo kulabo abangaphawuli ngokungemthetho. Kuhle kakhulu uma lokho bekungekho iphutha Kepha ngubani ongitshela ukuthi uhlelo aluphelele?

¿I-Apple kufanele ithenjwe uma uhulumeni ezama ukungenelela kulolu hlelo olusha?

Izimpendulo zikaNeuenschwander zithi empeleni kwethulwa kuphela ama-akhawunti we-iCloud e-US, ngakho-ke Imithetho yendawo ayinikezeli lezi zinhlobo zamakhono kuhulumeni wesifundazwe. Okwamanje, izakhamuzi zase-United States kuphela ezizobhekana nalokhu kuhlolwa. Kodwa akaphenduli futhi akakubeki kucace ukuthi kuzokwenzekani ngokuzayo uma yethulwa kwamanye amazwe. Noma lokho kuzothatha isikhathi, ngoba kuzoncika emithethweni yomuntu ngamunye wabo. Ukuziphatha okuchazwe kumakhodi obugebengu ezweni ngalinye kuyehluka ngokuthi kuyini ubugebengu, ngakho-ke i-Apple algorithm kufanele iguqulelwe esimweni ngasinye sezomthetho futhi lokho akufanele kube lula, nhlobo.

Into ebaluleke kakhulu kulolu daba yilokhu okulandelayo: ICloud iyisihluthulelo. Uma abasebenzisi bengasebenzisi i-ICloud Photos, i-NeuralHash ngeke isebenze futhi ngeke ikhiqize noma yikuphi ukwaziswa. Ukutholwa kwe-CSAM yi-hashi ye-neural eqhathaniswa ne-database yama-hashes aziwayo we-CSAM ayingxenye yesithombe sohlelo lokusebenza. Akukho okuzosebenza uma izithombe ze-iCloud zingasetshenziswa.

Impikiswano ngaphandle kokungabaza. Inhloso enhle kepha kunezikhala ezithile Ngabe ucabanga ukuthi ubumfihlo bukhona embuzweni? Kubaluleke?


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.